|TWOSPOTTED SPIDER MITES|
|Photosynthesis, Leaf Conductance,
and Leaf Chlorophyll Content in Spider Mite (Acari: Tetranychidae)-Injured Peppermint
JACK DEANGELIS, RALPH E. BERRY, AND G.W. KRANTZ
Department of Entomology, Oregon State University. Corvallis, Oregon 97331
© Copyright 1983 Entomological Society of America
Environ. Entomol. 12: 345348 (1983)
Effects of feeding injury by the twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae), on 14-CO2 assimilation (net photosynthesis), leaf conductance to gas exchange, and leaf chlorophyll in peppermint, Mentha piperita L., were investigated. Rates of 14-CO2 assimilation were reduced in proportion to degree of sustained injury and probably were the result of reduced leaf conductance to gas exchange, which inhibited influx of carbon dioxide to chloroplasts. Assimilation rates for both uninjured and variously injured leaves were correlated with leaf conductance. Inhibition of gas exchange in injured leaves was the predominant factor responsible for reduced photosynthesis. Extractable leaf chlorophyll was reduced in proportion to the degree of injury sustained. Leaf injury was estimated by using an injury index developed for these studies.